Part I Reading Comprehension
Directions: In this part there are four passages. Each passage is followed by four comprehension questions. Read the passage and answer the questions. Then mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:
Ask three people to look the same window at a busy street corner and tell you what they see. Chances are you will receive three different answers. Each person sees the same scene, but each perceives something different about it.
Perceiving goes on in our minds. Of the three people who look out the window, one may say that he sees a policeman giving a motorist a ticket. Another may say that he sees a rush-hour traffic jam at the intersection. The third may tell you that he sees a woman trying to cross the street with four children in tow. For perception is the mind’s interpretation of what the senses—in this case our eyes—tell us.
Many psychologists today are working to try to determine just how a person experiences or perceives the world around him. Using a scientific approach, these psychologists set up experiments in which they can control all of the factors. By measuring and charting the results of many experiments, they are trying to find out what makes different people perceive totally different things about the same scene.
1. Seeing and perceiving are .
A. the same action
B. two separate actions
C. two actions carried on entirely by eyes
D. several actions that take place at different times
2. Perceiving is an action that takes place .
A. in our eyes
B. only when we think very hard about something
C. only under the direction of a psychologist
D. in every person’s mind
3. People perceive different things about the same scene because .
A. they see different things B. some have better eyesight
C. they cannot agree about things D. none of these
4. Which of the following is implied but not stated in the passage?
A. Psychologists do not yet know people see.
B. The experiments in which all factors are controlled are better.
C. The study of perception is going on now.
D. Perception does not involve psychological factors.
5. The best title for this selection is .
A. How We See
B. Learning about Our Minds through Science
C. What Psychologists Perceive
D. How to Because an Experimental Psychologist
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:
The food we eat seems to have profound effects on our health. Although science has made enormous steps in making food more fit to eat, it has, at the same time, made many foods unfit to eat. Some research has shown tat 40 percent of cancer is related to the diet as well, especially cancer of the colon. Different cultures ate more prone to get certain illnesses because of the food that is characteristic in these cultures. That food is related to illness is not a new discovery. In 1945, government researchers realized that nitrates and nitrites, commonly used to preserve color in meats, and other food additives, caused cancer. Yet these carcinogenic additives remain in our food, and it becomes more difficult all the time to know which things on the packaging labels of processed food are helpful or harmful. The additives that we eat are not all so direct. Farmers often give penicillin to beef and poultry, and because of this, penicillin has been found in the milk of treated cows. Sometimes similar drugs are administered to animals not for medicinal purposes, but for financial reasons. The farmers are simply trying to fatten the animals in order to obtain a higher price on the market. Although the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has tried repeatedly to control these procedures, the practices continue.
6. How has science done a disservice to mankind?
A. Because of science, most of the foods we eat today are contaminated.
B. It has caused a lack of information concerning the value of food.
C. As a result of scientific intervention, some potentially harmful substances has been added to our food.
D. The scientists have preserved the color of meats, but not of vegetables.
7. What are nitrates used for?
A. They preserves flavor in packaged foods.
B. They preserve the color of meats.
C. They are the objects of research.
D. They cause the animals to become fatter.
8. The FDA has tried repeatedly to control .
A. the attempt to fatten the animals
B. the attempt to cure sick animals
C. the using of drugs to animals
D. the using of additives to preserve the dolor of food
9. The word “carcinogenic” means most nearly the same as .
A. trouble-making B. color-retaining
C. money-saving D. cancer-causing
10. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A. Drugs are always given to animals for medical reasons.
B. Some of the additives in our food are added to the food itself and some are given to the living animals.
C. Researchers have known about the potential hazards of the food additives for over thirty-five years.
D. Food may cause forty percent of cancer in the world.
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:
Unlike their American or European counterparts, car salesmen in Japan work hard to get a buyer. Instead of lying lazily around showrooms waiting for customers to drop by, many Japanese car salesmen still go out to get them. They walk wearily along the streets cars door-to-door. New customers are hunted with fruit and cakes on their birthdays. But life is getting tough, and not just because new-car sales are falling.
With more Japanese women (who often control the household budget) going out to work, the salesmen increasingly find nobody at home when they call. That means another visit in the evening or the weekend. Then they face an extra problem: more people, especially the young, prefer to choose a new car from a showroom where they can compare different models.
Even as late as the mid-1980s some 90% of new cars were sold door-to-door. In some rural areas most new cars are still sold this way. But in the big cities more than half the new cars are now sold from showrooms.
Although investing in showrooms is expensive because of the high cost of Japanese land, dealers have little choice. A labor shortage and higher among Japan’s workforce are making it difficult to hire door-to-door salesmen. Most of a Japanese car salesman’s working day is spent doing favors for customers, like arranging insurance or picking up vehicles for servicing, rather than actually selling.
Japan’s doorstep car salesmen are not about to vanish. The personal service they provide is so deep-rooted in Japan that they are likely to operate alongside the glittering new showrooms. The two systems even complement each other. What increasingly happens is that the showroom attracts the interest of a potential buyer, giving the footsore salesmen a firm lead to follow up with a home visit.
11. Japanese car sales usually do not wait at showrooms for customers to drop by; instead, .
A. they sell cars door-to-door
B. they buy presents for their customers
C. they enjoy themselves in recreation centers
D. they go out to do market researches
12. Implied but stated: the competition in car market is .
A. light B. moderate C. fierce D. unfair
13. Young people like to buy a new car .
A. at home B. from a showroom
C. made in the U.S.A. D. made in Japan
14. The squadron of Japanese car salesmen is reducing because of .
A. a labor shortage
B. higher expectations among Japan’s workforce
C. high cost land
D. both A and B
15. Japanese car salesmen to their customers many favors such as .
A. showing them around in an exhibition
B. arranging insurance
C. paying them a visit on weekends
D. selling ole cars for them
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage:
The new global satellite communications systems will offer three kinds service, which may overlap in many different kinds of receivers.
VOICE. Satellite telephones will be able to make calls from anywhere on the Earth to anywhere else. That could make them especially useful to remote, third world villages (some of which already use stationary satellite telephones), explorers and disaster-relief teams. Today’s mobile telephones depend on earth-bound transmitters, where technical standards vary from country to country. So business travelers cannot use their mobile phones on international trips. Satellite telephones would make that possible.
MESSAGING. Satellite massagers have the same global coverage as satellite telephones, but carry text alone, which could be useful for those with laptop computers. Equipped with a small screen like today’s papers, satellite massagers will also receive short messages.
TRACKING. Voice and messaging systems will also tell their users where they are to within a few hundred meters. Combined with the messaging service, the location service could help rescue teams to find stranded adventurers, the police to find stolen cars, exporters to follow the progress of cargoes, and haulage companies to check that drivers are not detouring the pub. America’s military Global Positioning System (GPS) satellite will provide better positioning information to anyone who has a receiver for their signals, but GPS does not carry messages, so such a receiver cannot be used on its own for tracking or rescue. By the mid-1990s, GPS receivers will be able to tell people where they are to within 70 meters anywhere in the world, and to within a meter or so in areas where the service is supplemented by ground-based transmitter.
16. Global satellite communications systems will be useful to .
A. laptop computer users
B. remote villages
C. disaster-relief teams
D. all above
17. Satellite telephone will make .
A. business travelers use mobile phones on international trips
B. possible calls from anywhere on earth to anywhere else
C. explorers happy
D. all above
18. Which of the following is true?
A. The positioning precision of the voice system is better than that of GPS.
B. The positioning precision of GPS is Better than that of the voice system.
C. The positioning precision of the messaging system is better than of GPS.
D. The positioning precision of voice system is better than that of the messaging system.
19. What can we say about the new global satellite communications systems?
A. They are widely used.
B. They are very helpful.
C. They are costly.
D. Both A and B.
20. Which of the following may be the best title for the passage?
A. Global Satellite Communications
B. New Voice and Messaging System
C. New Generation Satellite
D. Always in Touch
Part II Vocabulary and Structure
Directions: In this part there are forty incomplete sentences. Each sentence is followed by four choices. Choose the one that best completes the sentence and then mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.
21. A great many cancers can be cured but only if before they have begun to spread or colonize in other parts of the body.
A. properly treat
B. properly treating
C. being properly treated
D. properly treated
22. she is a likeable girl, she is very difficult to work with.
A. Since B. However C. As far as D. While
23. All the tourists gave the robber their money.
A. frightened B. frightening C. frighten D. frightful
24. her age, she really did a good job in such a short time.
A. Giving B. Gives C. Give D. Given
25. The soldier was with neglecting his duty.
A. charged B. conducted C. charged D. committed
26. The reason why the car stopped was .
A. because the road was not good B. that the road was not good
C. due to the bad road D. because of the bad road
27. You’d better hurry, you might be late for class.
A. or B. and C. unless D. but
28. , he performed the task with success.
A. It was expected B. Which was expected
C. As was expected D. That was expected
29. The doctor felt John’s arm to if the bone was broken.
A. work out B. find out C. look at D. see out
30. He just my suggestion at the meeting yesterday.
A. put away B. shut down C. showed off D. brushed aside
31. The question at the next meeting remain a secret.
A. discussed B. to discuss C. to be discussed D. being discussed
32. His laziness his failure in the final exam.
A. gave up B. contributed C. resulted in D. distributed
33. The teacher’s to my statement about this poet led me to read widely about poems.
A. change B. charge C. challenge D. chance
34. On most of the nights, Jane reading letters from her boyfriend.
A. stayed off B. stayed on C. stayed out D. stayed up
35. The first-year students were learning form the army in Miyun, a suburb of Beijing near I lived.
A. what B. where C. that D. which
36. Lynda and hundreds of young people like him the post of typist.
A. approached B. applied for C. appealed to D. approved of
37. Anybody is entitled to such benefit of age or sex.
A. regardless B. whether C. in spite D. in case
38. In this building each apartment could a family of six.
A. house B. cover C. make D. include
39. I tried to get out of the business, I found impossible.
A. who B. which C. that D. what
40. When he explained it again and again, the student’s patience .
A. ran over B. ran on C. ran out D. ran off
41. When her neighbor Grandma Wang became ill, the girl often .
A. fitted in B. worked out C. held back D. helped out
42. If you really want to apply for the dangerous job, I won’t , thought I think it’s a crazy idea.
A. stood in your way B. stand on the way
C. stand in your way D. stand by the way
43. He was trying to read; , the phone kept ringing.
A. meanwhile B. then C. later D. afterwards
44. I am out of those people who like a strenuous (费力的) holiday; I believe in .
A. took it easy B. taken it easy
C. taking it easy D. taking it easily
45. The police matched the finger prints and found they were .
A. equivalent B. identical C. similar D. equal
46. Formally, in the United States, many nurses worked as private duty nurses in hospitals.
A. other than B. more than C. less than D. rather than
47. If you don’t mind. I do my homework than play cards with you.
A. had better B. prefer C. would rather D. would like
48. Their idea was to get us to the strike at once.
A. call at B. call off C. call in D. call for
49. My car so I had to come by bus.
A. fell down B. broke down C. fell over D. turned away
50. I could tell he was surprised from the on his face.
A. appearance B. sight C. expression D. explanation
51. Which is , North America or South America?
A. biggest B. the biggest C. more biggest D. bigger
52. You should observe carefully how the audience his speech.
A. reach to B. refer to C. react to D. relate to
53. These farmers got a good harvest last year, so they a big sum of money for new farm machines.
A. set aside B. set about C. set up D. set back
54. One of my sayings is “where there is a will, there is a way.”
A. likely B. favorable C. alike D. favorite
55. All is a continuous supply of fuel oil.
A. what is needed B. that is needed
C. the thing is needed D. for their needs
56. The high income tax is harmful it may discourage people from trying to earn more.
A. in that B. that C. in which D. which
57. A new technique out, the yield increases by 20%.
A. having working B. having been worked
C. at a loss D. for good
58. The bird flew into the air and was soon .
A. out of sight B. in a hurry C. at a loss D. for good
59. It is decided that he for a bus to meet the guests from Beijing.
A. call B. calls C. arrange D. arranges
60. I know it’s not important but I can’t help about it.
A. to think B. thinking C. and think D. being thought
Part III Cloze
Directions: There are twenty blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices. Choose the one that best fits into the passage and then marks your answer on the Answer Sheet.
What makes a child speak a language has long been a puzzle to linguists. 61 speaking, there are two schools of linguists, both of whom try to explain 62 a child picks up a language so easily. The fact that a child picks a language 63 is 64 : At one year old, a child is able to say “bye-bye”; at two, he is able to use fifty; by there he begins to 65 tenses. The famous American linguist Noam Chomsky 66 that human being have a sort of built-in system for language use, and that the 67 is 68 . Children are not taught language 69 they are taught arithmetic. Other linguists, 70 , hold the view that a child learns 71 of his language from the hints in the environment. 72 , theorists of both schools 73 that there is a biological basis for language use. The 74 is which is more important, the inner ability or the environment. This is certainly a field 75 to be explored. Researchers from both schools are busy finding evidence to 76 their own theory, but 77 side is persuading the other.
It seems that in order to 78 why a child learns a language so easily, we have to 79 the joint efforts of both schools. Some linguist, like De Villiers, has recognized the value of cooperation, and 80 linguists of both sides to work together.
61. A. Surprisingly B. Personally C. Properly D. Roughly
62. A. that B. when C. why D. how
63. A. independently B. naturally C. without help D. with ease
64. A. confusing B. surprising C. questioned D. suspected
65. A. master B. study C. have D. get
66. A. doubts B. believes C. realizes D. criticizes
67. A. help B. teacher C. environment D. hint
68. A. quite essential B. very important C. not necessary D. only secondary
69. A. as B. for C. when D. though
70. A. in particular B. as a result C. however D. therefore
71. A. a little B. some C. nothing D. most
72. A. Before B. From now on C. Just now D. By now
73. A. suspect B. disagree C. agree D. realize
74. A. case B. argument C. problem D. question
75. A. waiting B. planning C. never D. unlikely
76. A. provide B. create C. supply D. support
77. A. not a B. one C. neither D. either
78. A. find out B. rule out C. search for D. look for
79. A. get rid of B. trust in C. rely on D. persist in
80. A. ordered B. criticized C. challenged D. urged
Part IV Translation
By measuring and charting the results of many experiments, they are trying to find out what makes different people perceive totally different things about the same scene. (Passage One)
Part IV Translation
Yet these carcinogenic additives remain in our food, and it becomes more difficult all the time to know which things on the packaging labels of processed food are helpful or harmful. (Passage Two)
Part IV Translation
Satellite massagers have the same global coverage as satellite telephones, but carry text alone, which could be useful for those with laptop computers.(Passage Four)
Part IV Translation
The personal service they provide is so deep-rooted in Japan that they are likely to operate alongside the glittering new showrooms. (Passage Three)