Part IV Translation：
In order to learn to be one’s true self, it is necessary to obtain a wide and extensive knowledge of what has been said and done in the world. (Passage Two)
Part IV Translation：
It has a bank of electronic pens which write like the President writes, in his favorite light blue ink. (Passage One)
Part III Cloze
Directions: There are twenty blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices. Choose the one that best fits into the passage and then marks your answer on the Answer Sheet.
Before the 20th century the horse provided day to day transportation in the United States. Trains were used only for long-distance transportation.
Today the car is the most popular 61 of transportation in all of the United States. It has completely 62 the horse as a means of everyday transportation. Americans use their cars for 63 90 percent of all personal 64 .
Most Americans are able to 65 cars.
The average price of a 66 made car was 1 050 in 1950, 1 740 in 1960 and up to 1 750 67 1975. During this period American car manufacturers set about 68 their products and work efficiency.
As a result, the yearly income of the 69 family increased from 1950 to 1975 70 than the price of cars. For this reason 71 a new car takes a smaller 72 of a family’s total earnings today.
In 1951 73 it took 8.1 months of an average family’s 74 to buy a new car. In 1962 a new car 75 8.3 of a family’s annual earnings. By 1975 it only took 4.75 76 income. In addition, the 1975 cars were technically 77 to models from previous years.
The 78 of the automobile extends throughout the economy 79 the car is so important to Americans. Americans spend more money to 80 their cars running than on any other item.
61. A. kinds B. means C. mean D. types
62. A. denied B. reproduced C. replaced D. ridiculed
63. A. hardly B. nearly C. certainly D. somehow
64. A. trip B. works C. business D. travel
65. A. buy B. sell C. race D. see
66. A. quickly B. regularly C. rapidly D. recently
67. A. on B. in C. behind D. about
68. A. raising B. making C. reducing D. improving
69. A. unusual B. interested C. average D. biggest
70. A. slowest B. equal C. faster D. less than
71. A. bringing B. obtain C. bought D. purchasing
72. A. part B. half C. number D. side
73. A. clearly B. proportionally C. percentage D. suddenly
74. A. income B. work C. plans D. debts
75. A. used B. spend C. cost D. needed
76. A. months’ B. dollars C. family D. year
77. A. famous B. superior C. fastest D. purchasing
78. A. running B. notice C. influence D. discussion
79. A. then B. as C. so D. which
80. A. start B. leave C. keep D. repair
People with disabilities comprise a large part of the population. It is estimated that over 35 million Americans have physical, mental, or other disabilities. About half of these disabilities are “developmental”, i. e. , they occur prior to the individual’s twenty-second birthday, often form genetic conditions, and are severe enough to effect three or more areas of development, such as mobility, communication, employment, etc. Most other disabilities are considered “adventitious”, i.e. , accidental or caused by outside forces.
Prior to the 20th century, only a small percentage of people with disabilities survived for long. Medical treatment for these disabilities was unavailable. Advancements in medicine and social services have created a climate in which people with disabilities can expert to have such basic needs as food, shelter, and medical treatment. Unfortunately, these basic are often not available. Civil liberties such as the right to vote, marry, get an education, and again employment have historically been denied on the basic of disability.
In recent decades, the disability rights movement has been organized to flight against these infringements (侵害) of civil rights. Congress responded by passing major legislation recognizing people with disabilities as protected class under civil rights statutes.
Still today, people with disabilities must fight to live their lives independently. It is estimated that more than half of qualified Americans with disabilities are unemployed, and a majority of those who do work are underemployed. About two-thirds live at or below the official poverty level.
Significant barriers, especially in transportation and public awareness, prevent disabled people from taking part in society. For example, while no longer prohibited by law from marrying, a person with no access to transportation is effectively excluded from community and social activities which might lead to the development of long-term relationships.
It will only be when public attitudes advance as far as laws are that disabled people will be fully able to take to their right place in society.
16. ”developmental” disability .
A. develops very slowly over time B. is caused forces
C. occurs in youth and affects development D. is getting more and more severe
17. Most disabled people used to die early because .
A. disabilities destroyed major bodily functions B. they were not very well looked after
C. medical techniques were not available D. they were too poor to get proper treatment
18. In the author’s opinion, to enable the disabled people to take their rightful place in society, .
A. more laws should be passed B. public attitudes should be changed
C. government should provide more aids D. more public facilities should be act up
19. Which of the following cannot be inferred from the passage?
A. Many disabled people may remain single for their whole life.
B. The public tends to look down upon the disabled people.
C. The disabled people feel inferior to those surrounding them.
D. Discriminatory (有差别的) laws prevent the disabled from mixing with others.
20. The best title for this passage might be .
A. Handicaps of People with Disabilities B. The Difficulties of the Disabled
C. The Causes for Disabilities D. Medical Treatments for Disabilities
Part II Vocabulary and Structure (共40小题，每小题1分，共40分)
Directions: In this part there are forty incomplete sentences. Each sentence is followed by four choices. Choose the one that best completes the sentence and then mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.
21. It’s still early in the morning. There isn’t in the office.
A. anyone B. everyone C. nobody D. any people
22. is not known what they discussed in the meeting.
A. That B. He C. This D. It
23. Yhe sad news broke her and she has been gloomy ever since.
A. feelings B. emotions C. mind D. heart
24. He is much of a gentleman to fight.
A. so B. as C. very D. too
25. Not until this term to realize how important this subject is to his future career as a diplomat.
A. he began B. ha has begun C. did he begin D. that ha has begun
26. who would like to go on the trip should put their names on the list.
A. Those B. These C. Somebody D. The ones
27. A bottle weighs less after air is taken out, proves that air has weight.
A. we B. it C. which D. what
28. How long ?
A. you suppose did it last B. do you suppose it lasted
C. did you suppose it last D. you suppose it lasted
29. Smmith had some trouble the man’s accent.
A. to understand B. understanding C. for understanding D. with understanding
30. The next few days could be for the peace negotiation.
A. maximum B. practical C. critical D. urgent
31. He quite a lot when he was young.
A. used to travel B. used to traveling C. was used to travel D. would used to travel
32. You me your telephone number in case someone wants to contact you.
A. had better give B. had better given C. had better to give D. had better gave
33. Mary used to the room with Linda.
A. separate B. divide C. hold D. share
34. —Must we hand in our exercise-books now?
—No, you .
A. mustn’t B. don’t C. needn’t D. can’t
35. She pulled away from the window anyone should see them.
A. lest B. even though C. unless D. only if
36. Not a has been found so far that can help the police find the criminal.
A. fact B. clue C. symbol D. sign
37. She would make a teacher far superior the average.
A. over B. than C. beyond D. to
38. Radio is different from television in it sends and receives pictures.
A. which B. that C. what D. this
39. Tom and jack have returned but students of the group haven’t come back yet.
A. other B. the others C. others D. another
40. It half a year since we to study in this university.
A. is; come B. is; have come
C. has been; came D. has been; have come
41. The fact that something is cheap doesn’t mean it is of low quality.
A. necessarily B. especially C. essentially D. practically
42. They set off by car and the nearest town.
A. made for B. made after C. made out D. made to
43. Take this baggage and you can find enough room.
A. put it which B. put it in which
C. put it at where D. put it wherever
44. He doesn’t want that he’s going away.
A. . to be known B. him to be known
C. that to be known D. it to be known
45. The noise around was terrible, but I had to it.
A. keep away from B. keep up with C. live with D. live on
46. He that his guests were bored, although they were listening politely.
A. impressed B. sensed C. inferred D. identified
47. On Sundays I prefer at home to out.
A. to say; go B. stay; going C. staying; going D. staying; go
48. I’d like to write to him, but what’s the ? He never writes back.
A. significance B. business C. point D. purpose
49. There were opinions as to the best location for the new school.
A. disagreeing B. conflicting C. rejecting D. reverting
50. by the news of his father’s death, he could hardly utter a word.
A. To be stunned B. Stunned C. To stun D. Stunning
51. , we’d better make some changes in the plan.
A. That is the case B. That been the case
C. That to be the case D. That being the case
52. They have equipped the office with the business machines.
A. last B. latter C. latest D. later
53. The police found that George had still another of income.
A. origin B. source C. basis D. means
54. An open-minded teacher doesn’t always one single teaching method.
A. set aside B. take over C. take on D. stick to
55. Much to the student’s , the exam was postponed.
A. burden B. concern C. relief D. requirement
56. Children normally feel a lot of about their first day at school.
A. anxiety B. difference C. feelings D. trouble
57. The weather was hot that she decided to have the barber her hairstyle.
A. rather; to change B. so; change
C. much too; change D. too; changed
58. She meet her former instructor on the bus.
A. delighted to B. happened to C. pleased to D. tended to
59. Just as no two words are truly synonymous no two different expressions can mean exactly the same thing.
A. rather B. also C. yet D. so
60. The new engineer’s suggestions were in the revised plan.
A. entitled B. engaged C. embodied D. estimated
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage:
I recently wrote an autobiography in which I recalled many old memories. One of them was from my school days, when our ninth grade teacher, Miss Raber, would pick out words from the Reader’s Digest to test our vocabulary.
Today, more than 45 years later, I always check out “It pays to Enrich Your Word Power” first when the Digest comes each month. I am impressed with that idea, word power. Reader’s Digest knows the power that words have to move people—to entertain, inform, and inspire. The Digest editors know that the big word isn’t always the best word. Take just one example, a Quotable Quote form the February 1985 issue: ”Time is a playful thing. It slips quickly and drinks the day like a bowl of milk.”
Nineteen words, only two of them more than one syllable, yet how much they convey! That’s usually how it is with Reader’s Digest. Small and simple can be profound.
As chairman of a foundation to restore the Statue of Liberty, I’ve been making a lot of speeches lately. I try to keep them fairly short. I use small but vivid words: words like “hope”, “guts”, “faith”, “dreams”. Those are words that move people and say so much about the spirit of America.
Don’t get me wrong. I’m not against using big words, when it is right to do so, but I have also learned that a small word can work a small miracle—if it’s right word, in the right place, at the right time. It’s a “secret” that I hope never forget.
16. The passage is mainly about .
A. one of the many old memories
B. using simple words to express profound ideas
C. Reader’s Digest and school speeches
D. how to make effective speeches
17. It seems that Reader’s Digest is a magazine popular with .
A. people of all ages B. teenagers C. school teachers D. elderly readers
18. The example the author gives in the second paragraph might mean .
A. one spends his day playing and drinking
B. don’t waste your time as one does
C. time slips easily if you don’t make good use of it
D. time is just like drinking milk from a bowl
19. The author’s “secret” is .
A. to avoid using big words at any time
B. to use words that have the power to move people
C. to work a miracle by using a small word
D. to use small and simple words where possible
20. Accoeding to the author, well-chosen words can give people .
A. hope, courage and ideas
B. confidence, determination and strength
C. pleasure, knowledge and encourage
D. entertainment, information and power
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage:
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:
About 70 million Americans are trying to loss weight. That is almost 1 out of every 3 people in the United States. Some people go on ideas. This means they eat less certain foods, especially fats and sugars. Other people exercise with especial equipment, take diet pills, or even have surgery. Losing weight is hard work, and it can also cost a lot of money. So why do so many people in the United States want to lose weight?
Many people in the United States worry about not looking young and attractive. For many people, looking good also means being thin. Other people worry about their health. Many doctors say being overweight is not healthy. But are Americans really fat? Almost 30 million Americans weight at least 20 percent more than their ideal weight. In fact, the United State is the most overweight country in the wild. “The stored fat of adult Americans weight 2.3 trillion pounds,” says University of Massachusetts anthropologist (人类学家) George Armelagos. He says burning off that stored energy would produce enough power for 900,000 cars to go 12,000 miles.
Losing weight is hard work, but most people want to find a fast and easy way to take off fat. Bookstores sell lots of diet books. These books tell readers how to lose weight. Each year, dozens of new books like these are written. Each one boasts to help people to get rid of fat.
11. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a way of losing weight?
A. To eat less fats and sugars. B. To work hard.
12. Many Americans are trying to lose weight because .
A. they want to look attractive B. they are misled by doctors
C. they want to keep fit D. both A and C
13. The figures given in the second paragraph suggest that .
A. Americans are dependent on cars B. cars consume a lot of money
C. Americans need lose weight D. excess of fat can be a source of energy
14. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that .
A. diet books are not always effective B. diet books are usually helpful
C. there are lots of ways of losing weight D. bookstores are keeping their promises
15. It can be concluded from the passage that .
A. people think too much of their appearance
B. there is not a sure way of losing weight as yet
C. surgery is the fastest way of losing weight
D. going on diet is a safe way of losing weight
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:
In order to learn to be one’s true self, it is necessary to obtain a wide and extensive knowledge of what has been said and done in the world; critically to inquire into it; carefully to consider it; clearly to analyze it; and earnestly to carry it out.
It matters not what you learn, but when you once learn a thing, you must never give it up until you have mastered it. It matters not what you inquire into, but when you once inquire into a thing, you must never give it up until you have thoroughly understood it. It matters not what you try to think out, but when you once try to think out a thing, you must never give it up until you have got what you want. It matters not what you try to carry out, but when you once carry out a thing, you must never give it up until you have don’t it thoroughly and well.
If another man succeeds by one effort, you will use a hundred efforts. If another man succeeds by ten efforts, you will use a thousand.
6. According to the author, first of all one must .
A. analyze B. inquire C. obtain knowledge D. act
7. According to the author, .
A. learning is not important B. thinking is not necessary
C. knowledge means little D. it is not important what we learn
8. The end of learning should be .
A. thought B. mastery C. inquiry D. analysis
9. According to the author, another man’s success should .
A. make greater efforts B. make us nervous
C. not be taken into consideration D. cause one to stop trying
10. The author implies but does not say what .
A. the way to knowledge is through specialization
B. one has to know everything to be successful
C. success depends not so much on natural ability as it does on effort
D. success in one’s profession is latest important in one’s life
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:
Do you want to say what you think in a letter to the President of the United States? You’ll get a reply from him—written in ink, not typed—after only a few days.
The President gets about 4,000 letters every week. He answers everyone who writes to him on special Whites House paper. But he doesn’t need a lot of time for it. In fact, he only gives 20 minutes a week to look at his personal correspondence. He has the most modern secretary in the world to help him.
It’s computer, worth ￡ 800，000，which has its own rooms on the first floor of the White House. It has a bank of electronic pens which write like the President writes, in his favorite light blue ink. Each letter the President receives gets a number, according to the type of answer it needs. The pens then write the correct reply for it, according to the number. Each letter takes less than a second to write. A White House official said, “It’s not important that letters come from a computer. Each letter says what the President wants to say.”
1. for a reply from the President.
A. You have to wait a long time B. You only have to wait several days
C. You have to wait at least one month D. You only have to wait a few weeks
2. The reply from the President .
A. is always printed B. is always typed
C. is always written in ink D. is always written by himself
3. It takes the computer to write ten letters.
A. no more than ten seconds B. a little more than ten seconds
C. less than ten seconds D. at least one second
4. The computer can be described as .
A. expensive but efficient B. possessing a beautiful handwriting
C. heavy and inefficient D. the President’s most reliable secretary
5. It can be inferred from the passage that .
A. the President never reads any letters written to him by ordinary people
B. the President hires a very efficient secretary to deal with his correspondence
C. the President does not really care about the letters he receives every week
D. the President is assured that the computer express his views in the letters
What does the future hold for the problem of housing? A good deal depends, of course, on the meaning of “future”. If one is thinking in terms of science fiction and the space age, it is at least possible to assume that man will have solved such trivial and earthly problems as housing. Writers of science fiction, from H.G. Wells onwards, have had little to say on the subject. They have conveyed the suggestion that men will live in great comfort, with every conceivable apparatus to make life smooth, healthy and easy, if not happy. But they have not said what his house will be made of. Perhaps some new building material, as yet unimagined, will have been discovered or invented at least. One may be certain that bricks and mortar(泥灰，灰浆) will long have gone out of fashion.
But the problems of the next generation or two can more readily be imagined. Scientists have already pointed out that unless something is done either to restrict the world’s rapid growth in population or to discover and develop new sources of food (or both), millions of people will be dying of starvation or at the best suffering from underfeeding before this century is out. But nobody has yet worked out any plan for housing these growing populations. Admittedly the worst situations will occur in the hottest parts of the world, where housing can be light structure or in backward areas where standards are traditionally low. But even the minimum shelter requires materials of some kind and in the teeming, bulging towns the low-standard “housing” of flattened petrol cans and dirty canvas is far more wasteful of ground space than can be tolerated.
Since the war, Hong Kong has suffered the kind of crisis which is likely to arise in many other places during the next generation. Literally millions of refugees arrived to swell the already growing population and emergency steps had to be taken rapidly to prevent squalor(肮脏)and disease and the spread crime. The city is tackling the situation energetically and enormous blocks of tenements(贫民住宅)are rising at an astonishing aped. But Hong Kong is only one small part of what will certainly become a vast problem and not merely a housing problem, because when population grows at this rate there are accompanying problems of education, transport, hospital services, drainage, water supply and so on. Not every area may give the same resources as Hong Kong to draw upon and the search for quicker and cheaper methods of construction must never cease.
1.What is the author’s opinion of housing problems in the first paragraph?
A.They may be completely solved at sometime in the future.
B.They are unimportant and easily dealt with.
C.They will not be solved until a new building material has been discovered.
D.They have been dealt with in specific detail in books describing the future.
2.The writer is sure that in the distant future ___.
A.bricks and mortar will be replaced by some other building material.
B.a new building material will have been invented.
C.bricks and mortar will not be used by people who want their house to be fashionable.
D.a new way of using bricks and mortar will have been discovered.
3.The writer believes that the biggest problem likely to confront the world before the end of the century ___.
A.is difficult to foresee.
B.will be how to feed the ever growing population.
C.will be how to provide enough houses in the hottest parts of the world.
D.is the question of finding enough ground space.
4.When the writer says that the worst situations will occur in the hottest parts of the world or in backward areas, he is referring to the fact that in these parts ___.
A.standards of building are low.
B.only minimum shelter will be possible.
C.there is not enough ground space.
D.the population growth will be the greatest.
5.Which of the following sentences best summarizes Paragraph 3?
A.Hong Kong has faced a serious crisis caused by millions of refugees.
B.Hong Kong has successfully dealt with the emergency caused by millions of refugees.
C.Hong Kong’s crisis was not only a matter of housing but included a number of other problems of population growth.
D.Many parts of the world may have to face the kind of problems encountered by Hong Kong and may find it much harder to deal with them.
In the last 12 years total employment in the United States grew faster than at any time in the peacetime history of any country – from 82 to 110 million between 1973 and 1985 – that is, by a full one third. The entire growth, however, was in manufacturing, and especially in no – blue-collar jobs…
This trend is the same in all developed countries, and is, indeed, even more pronounced in Japan. It is therefore highly probable that in 25 years developed countries such as the United States and Japan will employ no larger a proportion of the labor force I n manufacturing than developed countries now employ in farming – at most, 10 percent. Today the United States employs around 18 million people in blue-collar jobs in manufacturing industries. By 2010, the number is likely to be no more than 12 million. In some major industries the drop will be even sharper. It is quite unrealistic, for instance, to expect that the American automobile industry will employ more than one –third of its present blue-collar force 25 years hence, even though production might be 50 percent higher.
If a company, an industry or a country does not in the next quarter century sharply increase manufacturing production and at the same time sharply reduce the blue-collar work force, it cannot hope to remain competitive – or even to remain “developed.” The attempt to preserve such blue – collar jobs is actually a prescription for unemployment…
This is not a conclusion that American politicians, labor leaders or indeed the general public can easily understand or accept. What confuses the issue even more it that the United States is experiencing several separate and different shifts in the manufacturing economy. One is the acceleration of the substitution of knowledge and capital for manual labor. Where we spoke of mechanization a few decades ago, we now speak of “robotization “ or “automation.” This is actually more a change in terminology than a change in reality. When Henry Ford introduced the assembly line in 1909, he cut the number of man – hours required to produce a motor car by some 80 percent in two or three years –far more than anyone expects to result from even the most complete robotization. But there is no doubt that we are facing a new, sharp acceleration in the replacement of manual workers by machines –that is, by the products of knowledge.
1.According to the author, the shrinkage in the manufacturing labor force demonstrates______.
A.the degree to which a country’s production is robotized
B.a reduction in a country’s manufacturing industries
C.a worsening relationship between labor and management
D.the difference between a developed country and a developing country
2.According to the author, in coming 25years, a developed country or industry, in order t remain competitive, ought to ______.
A.reduce the percentage of the blue-collar work force
B.preserve blue – collar jobs for international competition
C.accelerate motor – can manufacturing in Henry Ford’s style
D.solve the problem of unemployment
3.American politicians and labor leaders tend to dislike_____.
A.confusion in manufacturing economy
B.an increase in blue – collar work force
C.internal competition in manufacturing production
D.a drop in the blue – collar job opportunities
4.The word “prescription” in “a prescription for unemployment” may be the equivalent to ______
A.something recommended as medical treatment
B.a way suggested to overcome some difficulty
C.some measures taken in advance
D.a device to dire
5.This passage may have been excepted from ________
A.a magazine about capital investment
B.an article on automation
C.a motor-car magazine
D.an article on global economy