The food we eat seems to have profound effects on our health. Although science has made enormous steps in making food more fit to eat, it has , atthe same time, made many foods unfit to eat. Some research has shown that perhaps eighty percent of cancer is related to the diet as well, especially cancer the colon . Different cultures are more prone to contract certain illnesses because of the food that is characteristic in these cultures. That food related to llness is not a new discovery. In 1945 , government researchers realized that itrates and nitrites, commonly used to preserve color in meats, and other food dditives, caused cancer. Yet, these carcinogenic additives remain in our food, nd it becomes more difficult all the time to know which things on the pack ging labels of processed food are helpful or harmful.The additives which we eat are not all so direct. Farmers often give penicillin to beef and poultry, and because of this, penicillin has been found in the milk of treated cows. Sometimes similar drugs are administered to animals not for medicinal purposes, but for financial reasons. The farmers are simply trying to fatten the animals in order to obtain a higher price on the market. Although the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has tried repeatedly to controlthese procedures, the practices continue.
48. What is the main topic of the passage?
A. Food and our health
B Food and additives
C. Food and cancer
D Food and culture
49 All of the following statements are true EXCEPT_______.
A Forty percent of cancer is caused by problems related to food.
B Researchers have known about the potential danger of food additivesfor many years
C. We eat some of the food additives directly and some indirectly
D Drugs are always given to animals for medicinal purposes
50. Why do farmers give drugs to their animals?
A. to speed up the growth of animals
B To make theanimals fatter
C to make the animals ’ meat fit to eat
D To make the animals’ meat rich in nutrients
51. It can be inferred from the passage that_________.
A scientist have made all the food fit to eat
B only in recent years have people found that the food is related to one’s illness
C all kinds of cancer are related to the diet
D some additives are harmful to our health
52. The word “ this ”in the second sentence of paragraph 2 most probablyrefers to __________.
C beef and poultry
D the fact that farmers often give penicillin to a beef
Directions: In this part, there are four items which you should translate into Chinese, each item consisting of one sentence. These sentences are all taken from the reading passages you have just read in Part III of the Test Paper. You are allowed minutes to do the translation. You can refer back to the passages so as to identify their meaning in the context. Write your translation on the Translation Sheet in Test Paper Two.
T1.(Line2-3, Paragraph1, Passage1)
This was because bacteria entered the cuts in the patients bodied’and started infection.
T2.(Line2, Paragraph2, Passage2)
Many were rejected by U.S. medical schools simply because there was no room.
T3:.(Line3-4, Paragraph1, Passage3):
Accused of neglecting this part of our education, my father instituted a summer school for my brother and me .
T4:.(Line4-5, Paragraph1, Passage4)
Different cultures are more prone to contract certain illnesses because of the food that is characteristic in these cultures.
In the past, operations were difficult. Until the middle of the eighteen fifties, surgery was very dangerous. Many patients died after even the smallest operations. This was because bacteria entered the cuts in the patients bodied’and started infection. In some countries, up to 90 percent of patients died from inf ection after operations. In 1865, however, Joseph Lister, a British surgeon, found an answer to the problem. He used an “antiseptic during” and after operations. This killed the dangerous bacteria and most of his patients lived. Since then, surgeons have used antiseptics in all operations.Surgery has developed in many important ways since the day of Joseph Lister. Today, when patients go to hospital for an operation, they can expect thebest treatment, in clean and hygienic conditions.
33. Operations were difficult and dangerous until_______.
B. the middle of 1850
C. the middle of the fifties of the eighteenth century
D. the middle of the fifties of the nineteenth century
34. In the passage, surgery means__________.
A. The performing of an operation
35. In the past, up to 90 percent of patients died after operations mainly b
A. bacteria entered the cuts in the patients bodies’and infection took place
B. the conditions in hospitals were bad
C. the skill of surgeons was not so good
D. there were no good medicine at that time
36. Which topic of the following best suits the passage?
A. Operations were difficult in the past
B. The devotion of Joseph Lister to medical science
C. Surgery has become safer
D. Developments in surgery
37. Joseph Lister was________.
A. a Frenchman
B. a German
C. an Englishman
D. an Americ
Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken twice. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause you must read the four choices marked A),B),C)and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
1. A) Do some typing.
B) Buy some paper.
C) Ask the man to type.
D) Want to run with the man.
3. A) Husband and wife.
B) A girl and her boyfriend.
C) Teacher and student.
D) Old friends.
C) Car driver.
5. A) In a school.
B) In a theater.
C) In a restaurant.
D) At home.
6. A) She agreed.
B) She disagreed.
C) She was impatient.
D) She was worried.
7. A) Something cold.
D) Something hot.
8. A) Gold.
9. A) He didn ’knowtwhere to find the professor.
B) He had difficulty doing the experiment.
C) He failed the exam.
D) He couldn ’graduatetfrom the university.
10. A) The man is coughing.
B) The man gave up smoking.
C) The man has a lung disease.
D) The man has a heart attack
Xiao Ling works very hard. She ______ by the teachers.